Governance in Heels


By Joshua K. Ogbonna.

Politics has never been a strong point for women in particular regions or countries, but with democracy taking the center stage in most elective processes across the globe, a lot of women are coming into the picture and this was at its peak in 2017. The global movement for gender equity is meant to bring about social change leading to increased political participation by women. Legislating equality does not instantly guarantee a society’s acceptance of it. In Africa, Asia, and the Middle-east the focus of the women folk has largely been relegated to household upkeep but that narrative is being corrected by countries promulgating several women’s bill of rights and the active involvement in the political process – seeking elective positions and being voted for.

According to a Chinese proverb, “Women hold up half the sky” and that has become internationally adopted to affirm women’s equal contribution to society and the struggle for their rights to equity in health, education, economic opportunities, and political participation. The recent prosperity in East Asia has narrowed the gender gaps, women’s political participation but this has not totally reflected in the pace of economic development. Although human development is a necessary factor that results in women’s political empowerment, it is not a one-size-fits-all solution. Of great importance are customary practice,  healthy socioeconomic conditions, conducive political systems, and gender-friendly political cultures enable women’s political participation and leadership. These factors combine to have different effects in particular national and local contexts, creating significant variation across East Asia.

Notably, in Mongolia, Nepal, Timor-Leste, Afghanistan, New Caledonia, and the nonindependent territories of French Polynesia, gender quotas and reservations have significantly improved women’s political representation at national and local levels. The repressive cultures in the past in these countries have given way to the parity principle which avoids the use of quotas and reservations to limit women’s representation rather than to achieve equal representation. For gender quotas to be successfully adopted, women’s movements must be consolidated and supported by the governments of the countries, political bias must be treated properly because it is the major hindrance to proper political participation.

In a research paper presented  at the African Studies Association, at its annual meeting held in Philadelphia, PA, Aili Mari Tripp, a Professor of Political Science, Gender & Women’s Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison opined that “Gender and politics in Africa is an emerging field of study which poses many new and exciting possibilities for new scholarly agendas. There is still a lot we don’t know, including the role of traditional authorities, women in local politics, women, and decentralization, and the constraints and possibilities for women in authoritarian and semi-authoritarian/semi-democratic regimes. We need more historical work. But perhaps above all, we don’t have a good sense yet of what difference women in power make, particularly in authoritarian and hybrid regimes. We have seen increases in woman-friendly legislation in countries like Uganda being advanced by the Women’s Parliamentary Caucus. At the same time, the disappointing persistence of nepotism and patronage politics and corruption in a female-headed country like Liberia shows just how intransigent old habits can be. The increase of women in politics signifies that norms have changed and are changing, and it represents a step toward greater equality.  If women are not represented politically, their voices will not be heard and their interests are less likely to be advanced.

Nevertheless, women enter institutions with long histories and established ways of doing things. Although some women will challenge the status quo and will see themselves as advocates for women’s rights, many become absorbed into these same institutions and behave much like the male legislators, ministers, and presidents that came before them. It is these processes that we need to better understand.”

Africa has taken the lead, far more than Asia and Europe which use to be a stronger ground for female parliamentarian and politicians. African countries have some of the world’s highest rates of representation.The admirable reforms of president Paul Kagame in Rwanda has earned Rwanda the world’s highest ratio of women in parliament. In the 2003 election, 48 percent of parliamentary seats went to women. In the next election — 64 percent. Today Rwandan politics is cited as a model of gender inclusiveness.  In Senegal, Seychelles and South Africa, more than 40% of parliamentary seats are held by women, while in Mozambique, Angola, Tanzania, and Uganda over 35% of seats are occupied by women. On the other hand, Women in the U.S. Congress 2017, In 2017, 105 (78D, 27R) women hold seats in the United States Congress, comprising 19.6% of the 535 members; 21 women (21%) serve in the United States Senate, and 84 women (19.3%) serve in the United States House of Representatives.

The parliamentary patterns are evident in other areas as well. Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf became the first elected woman president in Africa in 2005, Joyce Banda was also the president of Malawi very recently and President Ameenah Gurib- Fakim of Mauritius. There have been nine female prime ministers in Africa since 1993, including Luisa Diongo in Mozambique, who served for six years. Since 1975 there have been 12 female vice presidents like Wandira Speciosa Kazibwe in Uganda, also countries like Mauritius, Zimbabwe, Gambia and Djibouti, South Africa, Malawi, Zimbabwe, and Burundi have had female vice presidents. There are female speakers of the house in one-fifth of African parliaments, which is higher than the world average of 14%. Women are taking over key ministerial positions in defense, finance, and foreign affairs, which is a break from the past when women primarily held ministerial positions in the so-called ‘softer’ ministries of education, community development, sports, and youth.  Today, South Africa has had a female defense minister, Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula, while Kemi Adeosun serves as Nigeria’s finance minister succeeding Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala and Esther Nenadi Usman.

Women are similarly visible in regional bodies, holding 50% of the African Union parliamentary seats. Gertrude Mongella served as the first president of the Pan African Parliament and in July 2012, South Africa’s Nkosazana Dhlamini-Zuma took over the leadership of the African Union Commission. Even at the local level, women make up almost 60 percent of local government positions in Lesotho and Seychelles, 43 percent of the members of local councils or municipal assemblies in Namibia, and over one-third of local government seats in Mauritania, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda. More women than men vote in countries like Botswana, Cape Verde, Lesotho, South Africa and Senegal, although overall rates for men seem to be about 5% more in countries surveyed by Afrobarometer.

These patterns are evident in the judiciary as well with the advancement of women judges at all levels.  African women judges are even making it into the international arena with Fatou Bensouda from Gambia holding the post of chief prosecutor in the International Criminal Court since 2012. Interestedly, all but one of the current five African judges on the ICC are women.

These global sweeping changes must be embraced can be explained by the following interconnected features: 1) the economic stability of the concerned region; 2) the development of pro-gender equality groups, particularly the giveaway the military and most dictatorial societies to more opened administrations, along with the emergence of autonomous women’s movements that accompanied this opening; 3) pressures from global bodies like the UN agencies, regional organizations, donors and other external actors that influenced the state.

The reforms going on in Saudi Arabia are quite difficult to neglect. These reforms are in line with a wide-ranging plan announced by 32-year-old Prince Mohammed bin Salman to bring social and economic change to the oil-dependent kingdom, known as Vision 2030.

The promotion of gender-based rights has hit a snag in Africa and the middle East where religion and widely held traditional beliefs have dominated a lot of decision-making and policy-formulating processes. There have been accusations of female activists, clerics, and academics as dissidents funded by the Western countries.

In September, a royal decree said that women would be allowed to drive for the first time from June 2018 was pronounced. Prince Mohammed has said that “moderate Islam” was key to his plans to revolutionise the country. In a high-level business conference in Riyadh, Salman said “We are returning to what we were before — a country of moderate Islam that is open to all religions and to the world, we will not spend the next 30 years of our lives dealing with destructive ideas. We will destroy them today.”

In a cascade of barrier-breaking moments, the ban on women from stadium activities was also lifted, with Saudi Arabian women granted access to attend a rally to celebrate the 87th annual National Day of Saudi Arabia in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia on September 23.

Of particular concern in the upliftment of the driving ban are the several “Guardianship Laws” that have given men a total control over the female folks. Under these laws, women cannot travel abroad, work or undertake some medical procedures without the consent of their male “guardian,” often a father, a husband or even more preposterous, a son. While the implementation of these guardianship laws has been lax in recent years, little has been done to stop Saudi men from limiting the movements of their wives or daughters.

Although many Saudis are largely conservative, these new laws will basically give a boost to other expected laws. The Saudi byelaw stipulates voting(during elections) to be by “all citizens” but in the upcoming provincial elections( the first in the Kingdom’s history), the women would not be allowed to cast their ballots. It is expected that this sweeping reforms will open up other necessary frontiers.

Today in most developing countries, there is a conscious effort towards curbing child marriage. As world leaders seek workable methods to bring this practice to an end, women in government and top executive positions have a role to play in ensuring that children are safe and have a secure future.

Choosing who to marry and when to marry are parts of the fundamental rights in the life of any human being. Considering the importance of this activity(marriage), it must of necessity be done with full consciousness  ̶  with the individual fully aware of the import of such a decision. A few days ago, news making the rounds was the completion of the drafting of the bill that will put an end to child marriage in the country of Zimbabwe. Not only is it heartwarming that the outlawing of this age-long practice that has held so many countries spellbound is near extinct, but of noteworthiness is the prospective reflection of this bill on the cultural development of Africa – this keeps Africa in tandem with the world’s revered countries.

According to the Human Rights Watch, investigations in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Malawi, Nepal, South Sudan, Tanzania, Yemen, and Zimbabwe – countries with high incidences of child marriage, show that early marriage has a catalogue of  consequences, which are activated in a chain-like sequence – from totally terminating the girl’s ability to access several benefits, to leaving school early, undergoing the demands of pregnancy and precocious motherhood. The hazards totally underwhelm the ‘benefits’. Other impacts include marital abuses, from the minor to major ones, an increased risk of domestic violence, a reduced chance of a normal source of livelihood, the risk of HIV transmission, and most importantly, the irreparable emotional damage done to the child – as seen in a lot of these brides.

In a 2015 UNICEF report titled State of the World’s Children, the countries with the highest rates of child marriage before age 18  were:Niger* — 76 percent, Central African Republic — 68 percent, Chad* — 68 percent, Bangladesh* — 65 percent, Mali* — 55 percent, Guinea — 52 percent, South Sudan* — 52 percent, Burkina Faso — 52 percent, Malawi* — 50 percent, Mozambique — 48 percent. The report goes that “Of the 25 countries with the highest rates of child marriage, the majority are affected by conflict, fragility, or natural disasters.” It places Africa at the centre of the fight against this act that belies rights’ suppression.

Save The Children ( a not-for-profit, which focuses on the pertinence of eradicating child marriage)in collaboration with other international rights from West and Central Africa, religious and traditional leaders and civil society groups committed to a three-day summit. The group received an elevated commitment from Burkina Faso’s first lady, Sika Bella Kabore, who has pledged that her nation would end child marriage by 2025.

Statistically, the number of illegal child marriages has increased worldwide since 2015, from 11.3 million to 11.5 million. The numbers seem not to be reflective of the effort put into the campaign, but considering the countries culpable in this, and how it is highly regarded as a handed-down culture, more intensifying efforts have to be put into this worthy cause. In the same vein, 82.8 million girls aged 10 to 17 still have no protection against child marriage. The number of girls exempt from clauses which allow parents and judges to consent to marriages, increased to 96.1 million.

With the global outcry for an increase in the quality of the girl-child education, other countries and societies where this practice is upheld must of necessity, reappraise the role of the girl child in the family, and consequently review this law.

Yousafzai Malala, the 20-year-old Pakistani and youngest Nobel Laureate has been at the fore of the campaign for the girl child education – an antithesis of child marriage. On October 9, 2017, she announced to the world (on Twitter) her enrollment for a college degree. Malala has been travelling around the globe, campaigning for the rights of the girl child – a cardinal mandate of her organization – to campaign for an access to quality education for the girl child.

Today, no nation can afford to shortchange the girl child by limiting her to an early family life and an unprepared motherhood -without necessary provisions for a quality life i.e one that grants her good economic, education, self-empowering opportunities, and most importantly, the power to DETERMINE HER CHOICES. Any country that holds tight to this self-destructive practice would experience a dearth of human resources, human capital development, competitiveness, productivity, and economic development. Schemes that discourage gender-based participation in socio-economic activities must be sustained.Because in them, are ladened the silver bullet to eradicate poverty and other ravages of humanity and our collective humanness. Above all, it is time women in key positions take a stand on this matter and devise ways of appealing to the consciences of parents, traditional rulers, and stakeholders in gender-related fields. This will go a long way in changing the tide and securing the future of the girl-child.

By: Miracle Nwankwo

Just like other parts of the world, Asia is not devoid of the dramas that have to do with the participation of women in political activities and governance. Although Asia has enjoyed a high record of women in positions of power both in the past and present, the clogged wheels of incompetence (or so we are made to believe) remains a recurring challenge considering the almost abrupt displacement of some of these seemingly powerful women.

Dating back from 1960 when Sirimavo Bandaranaike became the first female head of government in Sri Lanka and Indira Gandhi, who was the first female prime minister of India, Asian women have left no stone unturned in the fight for political positions Despite this fact, it is discouraging to note that the early start of women participation in politics did not particularly change the narrative as Asia’s political scene is still very much patriarchal.

It was with great displeasure that women around the world received the sad news of the impeachment of the first female president in the history of South Korea at the beginning of 2016. This like the few others before it, seems to have dampened the heightened hope of women especially those in Asia, on the progress made in the fight for equal rights for women.

The question is how can women in the political scene sustain power and execute projects and programs effectively?

Over the decades, most of Asia political women have lived on hereditary powers- being related to an already established male politician as wives, daughters, or sisters.

Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Gloria daughter of Diosdado Macapagal the Philippino ninth president (from 1961 to 1965), served as the fourteenth president of the Philippines for ten years (2001 to 2010). Also, Park Geun Hye the first and eleventh president of South Korea is the daughter of Park Chung Hee the third president of Korea, and lots more.

Even though there are other self-made female politicians, there is still a huge gap compared to their male counterparts.

How does this system affect the performance of women in positions of power? In my opinion, it seems to mean that such women may be limited when it comes to formulating and advocating for unique political agendas which are exclusively theirs, and will most likely champion women-related causes in their country. They may be forced to continue the legacy of their fathers, husbands, and brothers, whom they inherited power from.

It is therefore expedient that more women are giving more opportunities in the political systems, whether or not they be related to any former or existing political male leader so that they can live up to their dreams and support their nations through their emotional and patient nature that helps them to make right decisions.

Women leaders serve as a source of inspiration and role models to the younger generation. However, if they do not leave a footprint or succeed in becoming pathfinders for the younger women in the society, there will be no place for women in politics in the future generation.

It is also important to mention that in such scenarios where no woman is found in politics, more harm than good will befall the political world and future generations. This brings us back to Asia where half of the population is composed of women. If these women are not given full roles in the policy-making bodies in the region, this will become a huge threat to the economy and globalization culture of Asia.

However, it may seem as if this thought is baseless seeing that a tiny nonpareil group of highly educated women in Asia have attained high positions in governments, the majority of women are still lagging behind.

The problems faced by women in politics in many Asian countries first has to do with the lack of friendly electoral systems for the political woman. The electoral rules that are laid down in politics are very unfavorable to a woman based on her gender and natural compositions. The political woman in Asia also suffers lack of a supportive political cultural system.

There are still other unmentioned issues that women in Asian political sectors are faced with, and no solution is yet to be proffered to the problems.

It is necessary that as girls and women are given full rights to vote in elections, they should also be allowed to participate in a larger number in governance because the participation of women in governance stimulates positive change in health, community wellbeing, poverty reduction, and family welfare.

Discriminatory laws should be frowned at and abolished, also all institutional and cultural barriers that stand as limitations for the women to gain access to any aspect of life should be removed as long as it does not violate the laws of nature.

In conclusion, the whole idea of Asia having more women in governance and politics than other countries of the world is all a paradox. More participation from ordinary and self-made women is essential and will add value to the system if allowed.

The acceptance of women in political sectors is a non-negotiable step to achieving global gender equality and democratic governance.

By: Ene Ikpebe

‘Diversity and inclusion,’ a phrase that has increased in popularity over the last few years. The governments of the west, are replete with committees on matters of diversity, and consultants are being hired to create a favorable image for politicians as regards their stance on inclusion. Unfortunately, it is yet to rise to the top of the priority list for the governments of developing nations.


Interestingly, some of the most respected international organizations which developing countries interact with think that diversity and inclusion, specifically in terms of gender equality, should be of utmost concern. They believe it is a prerequisite for development.


In a 2015 interview with Nafis Sadiq, the Special Adviser to the United Nations Secretary-General, she expressed her desire to see more women in leadership positions, to have more political participation from women in general, and to hear the voices of women who are passionate about different issues. Her desires are shared by an increasing number of people worldwide, and gender equality is #5 among the Sustainable Development Goals. This goal is to be achieved in part by “ensuring women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life.” Still, only 22.2% of Sub-saharan Senates are made of women, maybe surprisingly higher than the 16% in Asia and 12.6% in Arab states, and only 22.8% of all national parliamentarians were women as of June 2016. This piece discusses the significance of women in politics, the positive impacts that should make it a development strategy, and the obstacles to achieving gender parity with regard to political participation.

To place the current fight for equality in the proper context, it is important to understand how gender equality in politics has evolved over the years. Voting is the most basic unit of political participation, but women in developing countries only got this in the past century. Most Latin American women were not allowed to vote until after the Second World War and African women had to wait until after their independence from colonialism in the 1960s and 1970s, with South African women not voting until as late as 1994. Given that these freedoms were not granted peacefully, but entailed significant amounts of struggle, we must consider reasons why it would benefit the developing world to seek the full integration of women into politics, and be proactive about realizing it.

The table below gives the percentage of women in the national parliaments of select developing nations.


Table 1: Women in National Parliaments



Percentage of Women









South Africa 2014



2014 23.8




Nigeria 2015



2016 23.8



Congo 2012






Evidently, the numbers follow no observable pattern, with Zimbabwean and Bolivian parliaments having up to 47% women while Nigeria sees a mere 16.5%. This might be interpreted as a lack of cohesive understanding regarding its importance, which is unfortunate since research literature is quick to draw a positive connection between women in politics and development. Stockemer, for instance, agrees with this notion. One might argue that the relationship exists but in the opposite direction. That is, developed countries are the ones who have more women in politics. But this is inaccurate as countries with low levels of socioeconomic development are the ones with higher levels of female political representation.  Again, this indicates the need for a proper understanding of the benefits of women in politics.


First, women produce a diversity of views and ideas with regards to public issues, thereby ensuring thorough policy analysis and holistic approach to problem-solving. Developing countries, even though friendlier to women in formal politics, should realize that the very measures that they seek to improve would be positively impacted by greater female involvement. There is evidence that women in government in developed countries tend to emphasize such issues as access to birth control and child care, equal pay for equal work, affirmative action, and policies against sexual harassment while women in developed countries are more concerned with access to childhood immunizations, clean water, primary health care services, and affordable food. Therefore, developing countries should become more aggressive in their approach to achieving gender equality in politics so that issues like maternal and child health as well as girl child education – which has been proven to be linked to more controlled populations, and better socio economic conditions – will be taken more seriously.

But just as positive impacts abound, myriad challenges stand between developing countries and full political integration of women. Some of them are deep-set issues that will take consistent work transcending political administration changes to reverse, while others are what might be called double-pronged solutions in the sense that they address gender equality issues on matters of politics as well as in other areas. There are great women who have been politically active in Nigerian history, for instance, and the restored democracy of 1999 recommended 35% women participation in the National Policy on Women adopted the next year, but the unaggressive approach to achieving this, in reality, has left a less than healthy level of women involvement in politics and government, and points to the need for a review of the obstacles to greater women participation.


Primarily, education disparities are a hindrance to women in politics. Some may disagree with this view and propose a focus on the policies regarding freedom of entry into politics as the actual culprit. And they are right, but only on the surface level. If we think about it, simply opening the political space to women will not guarantee their entry. There are more underlying issues and I believe that a more educated female population would be more prepared to take advantage of new opportunities, speak passionately about their plans for their constituents, and compete on a level playing field with their male counterparts. Furthermore, only educated women might understand just how important it is for them to express themselves politically and struggle to participate in decision-making in public affairs. It is, therefore, my view that education should be the primary avenue for encouraging women into politics. Every girl-child should be availed of the opportunity to get a quality education, and whilst doing so, be encouraged no less than her male peers to aspire to leadership, political or otherwise.


But I recognize other hindrances like work-life balance, a very practical obstacle to political participation. In a traditionally patriarchal society like Nigeria, for instance, it is not uncommon to see a situation where women are expected to only be homemakers. Homemaking, child-rearing, and other domestic duties, while all crucial roles in the society, and full-time jobs for which multiple attempts to estimate economic value have fallen short, have precluded many a politically ambitious woman from succeeding. The solution is to create an environment where women who desire to apply themselves outside the home have access to resources that allow that.

These resources include time, in the form of paid maternal and paternal leave to relieve worries about proper child-care, as well as human resources in the form of employer provided child-care at government offices. It is difficult, near impossible, to imagine a world where women will not have to section their lives into work years and mothering years, but with a reorientation of society to see the raising of the next generation as a communal responsibility, it is not beyond reach. Gender equality should not be only a western idea. It is a fundamental human right.


The statistics necessitate congratulations to developing nations. Whether intentionally or as a result of wars that have depleted some countries’ male populations, they have come to trust in the leadership of women. But the goal of parity has not been reached. The Nigerian House of Representatives is only 5.56% women and presidential campaigns are dominated by men. Nigeria and other developing countries must take decided steps to changing this. It is for our own good.

By: Eruke Ojuederie

Following Theresa May’s victory at the polls on June 8, the controversies surrounding her Brexit move have sparked up a fresh debate.

The British Prime Minister has taken steps towards assuring European Union citizens living in Britain, that their activities will not be disrupted when the move is completed. This has not been much of an assurance as EU citizens are yet to determine what the future holds for them.

According to the exit plan, those who meet the five-year rule would be able to apply for the “settled” status. This is assumed to be more like a temporary citizenship which allows them to live and work in Britain.

Since Theresa May moved for Britain’s exit from the European Union, skeptics have questioned her style of governance and in fact the role of women in the political scene.

Despite recent moves by women across regions towards participating in political activities, party movements, and taking up roles in government circles, the performance of women in these spaces has not been encouraging as their tenures have been marred with alleged corrupt practices and incompetency.

Already, Prime Minister May has been accused of sending a lot of money overseas, and recently during the first Prime Minister’s Question Time since the election, Philip Davies, a British Conservative Party politician and Member of Parliament (MP), told Ms. May in a reference to this year’s terrorist attacks: “The repeated claim that spending ever-increasing amounts of money on overseas aid keeps this country safe has been shown by recent events to be utter nonsense.”

Some groups have predicted that the current Prime Minister will not last a year in office. According to reports, some ministers are even favouring Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond to replace Ms. May before the party’s October conference, as part of an alliance with Brexit Secretary David Davis.

Wall Street bank Citigroup has predicted that Theresa May’s Government will not last longer than a few months and that there will likely be another general election within the next year. In a research note, the lender described Ms. May’s role as prime minister as “unsustainable”.

What is the future of women in governance and politics?

It is not enough for women to aspire to be world leaders and push towards breaking glass ceilings. Women need to learn the art of politicking. It is important that women discuss the pros and cons in governance and make strategic plans towards succeeding in this sphere of influence. Until this is done, the leadership of governments of the world will be largely male-dominated.

Although there have been exceptional cases where women have recorded notable achievements in governance, these account for little when considering the struggle for gender equality and the fight to break gender marginalization across regions.

Leadership schools exclusively for women should take up the responsibility of training and produce solid candidates who are not only strong contenders but who will also deliver on their mandate effectively. Women have to be taught to be champions of their world not by being stiff-necked but by carefully analyzing situations, weighing options, and making the most factual and reasonable decisions possible.

As custodians of the home, there is no doubting the fact that women have innate leadership abilities, however, in other to adequately utilize this skill for the growth, development, and enhancement of nations of the world, there is the need for the leadership skill to be honed.

The importance of self-development cannot be overemphasized. Women across regions regardless of their career path choices, are to engage in conscious self-development practices in order to be fully prepared for leadership tasks ahead. By this, there will be higher chances of success and as a result, more opportnunities to govern.






Eruke Ojuederie

In the year 2016, there was a lot of optimism as to the sudden flock of women into the political scene across the globe especially with the very daring US Presidential elections. Although that election did not particularly go well for the women folk, hopes were heightened at the level of possibilities available to women in this day and time.

This new drive brings a certain freshness from what was obtainable in the past but there are still lots of questions to be asked. With the inclusion of gender equality among the sustainable development goals (SDGs) by the United Nations (UN), governments of the world have been put on their toes in ensuring that women get a fair treatment as regards societal norms and beliefs, as well as get a sizeable fraction of the good things in their environment which include good jobs, leadership and political placements and other choice benefits- but how far has this quest gone relative to the 2030 target set for the achievement of the SDGs.

Some of the salient questions that need to be asked are: How many women are qualified to take up leadership position? Is the society ready for women leadership? Are men comfortable with having women leaders? What can be done to enhance women participation in fixing societal issues?

Between the years 2015 and 2016, a number of women holding political offices were displaced as a result of allegations of corrupt practices. Could it be said that this is a ploy by the men to rid the few female political leaders of their exalted positions or are the women really culpable?


This calls for a rethink and proper evaluation within women groups and political parties fielding female candidates. There should be a conscious effort towards the development of women who have indicated interest in ascending leadership positions such that it never seems as though women are simply playing the “girl card” but rather are selected based on competence, outstanding leadership qualities, and merit.

Like the vibrant leadership in Germany and in different sphere where women have led successfully, the inclusion of women in functional positions may just be the missing part of the puzzle in the developmental process of any society. Since some women in leadership capacities have proven their worth by unlocking the full potentials required to cause growth and development in a democratic setting, it is necessary for women across regions to be fully ready to undertake this leadership task which may be slightly different from daily family routine.

While the world awaits the unique prowess of women in tackling world issues, the onus lies on the women across regions to prove to the world that these tasks are not beyond the simplicity and gentleness that comes along with feminity just like some of the powerful women in politics today are doing.