Amazons Watch Magazine


NOT long ago women faced tremendous barriers as they sought opportunities that would set them on an equal footing with men. Going back a mere quarter century, inequality between women and men was widely apparent—in university classrooms, in the workplace, and even in homes. Since then, the lives of women and girls around the world have improved dramatically in many respects. In most countries—rich and developing—they are going to school more, living longer, getting better jobs, and acquiring legal rights and protections.

But large gender gaps remain. Women and girls are more likely to die, relative to men and boys, in many low- and middle-income countries than their counterparts in rich countries. Women earn less and are less economically productive than men almost everywhere across the world. And women have less opportunity to shape their lives and make decisions than do men.

According to the World Bank’s 2012 World Development Report; Gender Equality and Development, closing these gender gaps matters for development and policymaking. Greater gender equality can enhance economic productivity, improve development outcomes for the next generation, and make institutions and policies more representative.

Many gender disparities remain even as countries develop, which calls for sustained and focused public action. Corrective policies will yield substantial development payoffs if they focus on persistent gender inequalities that matter most for welfare. To be effective, these measures must target the root causes of inequality without ignoring the domestic political economy.

Mixed progress

Every aspect of gender equality, access to education and health, economic opportunities, and voice within households and society, has experienced a mixed pattern of change over the past quarter-century. In some areas, such as education, the gender gap has closed for almost all women; but progress has been slower for those who are poor and face other disadvantages, such as ethnicity. In other areas, the gap has been slow to close, even among well-off women and in countries that have otherwise developed rapidly.

In primary education, the gender gap has closed in almost all countries, and it is shrinking quickly in secondary education. Indeed, in almost one-third of developing countries, girls now outnumber boys in secondary schools. There are more young women than men in universities in two-thirds of the countries for which there are data: women today represent 51 percent of the world’s university students. Yet more than 35 million girls do not attend school in developing countries, compared with 31 million boys, and two-thirds of these girls are members of ethnic minorities.

Since 1980, women have been living longer than men in all parts of the world. But across all developing countries, more women and girls still die at younger ages relative to men and boys, compared with rich countries. As a result of this “excess female mortality,” about 3.9 million girls and women under 60 are “missing” each year in developing countries. About two-fifths of them are never born, one-sixth die in early childhood and more than one-third die during their reproductive years. Female mortality is growing in sub-Saharan Africa, especially for women of childbearing age and in the countries hit hardest by the HIV/AIDS pandemic (World Bank, 2011, Chapter 3).

More than half a billion women have joined the world’s labor force over the past 30 years, and women now account for more than 40 percent of workers worldwide. One reason for increased workforce participation is an unprecedented reduction in fertility in developing countries as diverse as Bangladesh, Colombia, and the Islamic Republic of Iran, along with improvements in female education. Yet women everywhere tend to earn less than men (World Bank, 2011, especially Chapter 5). The reasons are varied. Women are more likely than men to work as unpaid family laborers or in the informal sector. Women farmers cultivate smaller plots and less profitable crops than male farmers. And women entrepreneurs operate smaller businesses in less lucrative sectors.

As for rights and voice, almost every country in the world has now ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. Yet, in many countries, women (especially poor women) have less say than men when it comes to decisions and resources in their households. Women are also much more likely to suffer domestic violence—in developing and rich countries. And in all countries, rich and poor alike, fewer women participate in formal politics, especially at higher levels.

Gender equality and development

Gender equality is important in its own right. Development is a process of expanding freedoms equally for all people—male and female (Sen, 2009). Closing the gap in well-being between males and females is as much a part of development as is reducing income poverty. Greater gender equality also enhances economic efficiency and improves other development outcomes. It does so in three main ways:

  • First, with women now representing 40 percent of the global labor force and more than half the world’s university students, overall productivity will increase if their skills and talents are used more fully. For example, if women farmers have the same access as men to productive resources such as land and fertilizers, agricultural output in developing countries could increase by as much as 2.5 to 4 percent (FAO, 2011). Elimination of barriers against women working in certain sectors or occupations could increase output by raising women’s participation and labor productivity by as much as 25 percent in some countries through better allocation of their skills and talent (Cuberes and Teignier-Baqué, 2011).


  • Second, greater control over household resources by women, either through their own earnings or cash transfers, can enhance countries’ growth prospects by changing spending in ways that benefit children. Evidence from countries as varied as Brazil, China, India, South Africa, and the United Kingdom shows that when women control more household income—either through their own earnings or through cash transfers—children benefit as a result of more spending on food and education (World Bank, 2011).


  • Finally, empowering women as economic, political, and social actors can change policy choices and make institutions more representative of a range of voices. In India, giving power to women at the local level led to the greater provision of public goods, such as water and sanitation, which mattered more to women (Beaman and others, 2011).

The second part of the article can start here.

Gearing up development: How gender equality evolves as development proceeds can best be understood through the responses of households to the functioning and structure of markets and institutions—both formal (such as laws, regulations, and delivery of government services) and informal (such as gender roles, norms, and social networks).

This framework helps demonstrate why the gender gap in education enrollment has closed so quickly. In this case, income growth (by loosening budget constraints on households and the public treasury), markets (by opening new employment opportunities for women), and formal institutions (by expanding schools and lowering costs) have come together to influence household decisions in favor of educating girls and young women across a range of countries.

The framework also helps explain why poor women still face sizable gender gaps, especially those who experience not only poverty but also other forms of exclusion, such as living in a remote area, being a member of an ethnic minority, or suffering from a disability. In India and Pakistan, for instance, while there is no difference between the number of boys and girls enrolled in education for the richest fifth of the population, there is a gap of almost five years for the poorest fifth. The illiteracy rate among indigenous women in Guatemala is twice that among nonindigenous women and 20 percentage points higher than for indigenous men. Market signals, improved service delivery institutions, and higher incomes, which have generally favored the education of girls and young women, fail to reach these severely disadvantaged populations.


Policy implications: To bring about gender equality, policymakers need to focus their actions on five clear priorities: reducing the excess mortality of girls and women; eliminating remaining gender disadvantages in education; increasing women’s access to economic opportunity and thus earnings and productivity; giving women an equal voice in households and societies; and limiting the transmission of gender inequality across generations.

To reduce the excess mortality of girls and women, it is necessary to focus on the underlying causes at each age. Given girls’ higher susceptibility (relative to boys’) in infancy and early childhood to waterborne infectious diseases, improving water supply and sanitation, as Vietnam has done, is key to reducing excess female mortality in this age group (World Bank, 2011). Improving health care delivery to expectant mothers, as Sri Lanka did early in its development process and Turkey has done more recently, is critical. In the areas of sub-Saharan Africa most affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic, broader access to antiretroviral drugs and reducing the incidence of new infections must be the focus. To counter sex-selective abortions that lead to fewer female births, most notably in China and northern India, the societal value of girls must be enhanced, as Korea has done.

To shrink education gaps in countries where they persist, barriers to access because of poverty, ethnicity, or geography must come down. For example; where distance is the key problem (as in rural areas of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan), establishing more schools in remote areas can reduce the gender gap. When customized solutions are hard to implement or too costly, demand-side interventions, such as cash transfers conditioned on school attendance, can help get girls from poor families to school. Such conditional cash transfers have succeeded in increasing girls’ enrollment rates in countries as diverse as Mexico, Turkey, and Pakistan (World Bank, 2011).

To broaden women’s access to economic opportunity, thereby reducing male-female disparity in earnings and economic productivity, a combination of policies is called for. Solutions include freeing up women’s time so they can work outside the home—for example, through subsidized child care, as in Colombia; improving women’s access to credit, as in Bangladesh; and ensuring access to productive resources—especially land—as in Ethiopia, where joint land titles are now granted to wives and husbands. Addressing lack of information about women’s productivity in the workplace and eliminating institutional biases against women, for example by introducing quotas that favor women or job placement programs as in Jordan, will also open up economic opportunity to women.

To diminish gender differences in household and societal voice, policies need to address the combined influence of social norms and beliefs, women’s access to economic opportunities, the legal framework, and women’s education. Measures that increase women’s control over household resources and laws that enhance their ability to accumulate assets, especially by strengthening their property rights, are important. Morocco’s recent family law reforms strengthened women’s property rights by equalizing husbands’ and wives’ ownership rights over property acquired during the marriage. Ways to give women a greater voice in society include political representation quotas, training of future women leaders, and expanding women’s involvement in trade unions and professional associations.

To limit gender inequality over time, reaching adolescents and young adults iskey. Decisions made during this stage of life determine skills, health, economic opportunities, and aspirations in adulthood. To ensure that gender gaps do not persist over time, policies must emphasize building human and social capital (as in Malawi with cash transfers given directly to girls to either stay in or return to school); easing the transition from school to work (as with job and life skills training programs for young women in Uganda); and shifting aspirations (by exposing girls to such role models as women political leaders in India).

Domestic policy action is crucial, but the international community can complement efforts in each of these priority areas. This will require new or additional action on multiple fronts—some combination of more funding, coordinated efforts to foster innovation and learning, and more effective partnerships. Funding should be directed particularly to the poorest countries’ efforts to reduce excess deaths of girls and women (through investment in clean water and sanitation and maternal services) and to reduce persistent education gender gaps. Partnerships must also extend beyond those between governments and development agencies to include the private sector, civil society organizations, and academic institutions in developing and rich countries.

And while so much remains to be done, in many ways the world has already changed by finally recognizing that gender equality is good for both women and men. More and more, we are all realizing that there are many benefits—economic and others—that will result from closing gender gaps. A man from Hanoi, Vietnam, one of the thousands of people surveyed for the World Development Report, observed, “I think women nowadays increasingly enjoy more equality with men. They can do whatever job they like. They are very strong. In some families, the wife is the most powerful person. In general, men still dominate, but women’s situation has greatly improved. Equal cooperation between husband and wife is happiness. I think happiness is when equality exists between couples”

By: Ana Revenga and SudhirShetty


Salha Kaitesi is a British Rwandan gender equality and female empowerment champion, who believes that it is the basic call of every human on earth to wipe the tears of the disadvantaged populace, by being a solution to the basic problems around the world.  

While working as a social worker for the North of England Refugee Service from 2006-2011, Kaitesi received an insight into the true situation of the disadvantaged and vulnerable people from different countries around the world. Several months later, the desire to play a role in impacting the lives of others eventually birthed Beauty of Rwanda, a not-for-profit Jewellery, and home décor organization that she founded in order to economically empower women and girls in Rwanda. Beauty of Rwanda’s “One Basket” campaign, which focuses on helping boost trade and end poverty for many basket weavers and local artisans (a predominant trade for disadvantaged women in Rwanda) in Rwanda through the purchase of at least one piece of the handmade crafts is a small initiative but goes further if done by many. Kaitesi had no experience in E-Commerce when she started the organization Beauty of Rwanda, but despite the hurdles she had to cross, the organization today continues to put women and girls at the center of its work. “If you feel like the chips are all in place, even though there will always be doubts, just go for it. Better to try and fail than to never try at all”, she is quoted to have said.

Guided by the philosophy that says “none of us can move forward if half of us are held back”,  Kaitesi, continues to champion the empowerment of women and girls, not only in Rwanda but in the rest of Africa too. Her efforts in empowering women, girls and campaigning to end poverty have not gone unnoticed. In March 2011, she was voted as one of the 20 inspirational women of African Diaspora in Europe. In the same year, she was also the winner of the first ADA awards (African Diaspora at work Awards). In 2012, Kaitesi was featured in AfroElle Magazine’s “Top 35 under 35” game changers, top influencers and emerging leaders.  2013 brought with it two recognitions – 3 category nominations for the Women4Africa awards and being listed in ‘Top 100 women who inspire in the world’. Between 2014 to 2017, Kaitesi won the Women4Africa Recognition Award (2014), winner Community Giants Awards Inspirational Woman (2016), a finalist nominee again at the Women4Africa Role Model of the year (2017), winner of the Newcastle University Rise up Start up Single Founder Award (2017) and runner-up Outstanding Entrepreneur Pride of Newcastle University Awards (2017).

Salha Kaitesi who attributes her awards to passion, courage, hard work, determination and a love to empower women especially African women owns and runs a blog called Teakisi (pronounce Tee-ki-is) which creates a space for African women to empower and celebrate each other. The blogzine stands out for several reasons, one of them being the dedication it gives to the everyday African woman. According to the blog, most of its contributors are not professional bloggers and writers, but everyday women with a story to tell and wisdom to share.  The contributors to the blog range from University students stay at home mums, professionals and everything in between. The variety of African women from different backgrounds and locations accounts for the distinctness found on the platform. Teakisi is a platform that also prides itself on the ability to not only gather African women in one place but most importantly to giving them a voice. The overall aim of Teakisi is to show the world that the African woman is multifaceted, multitalented and multicultural. Ultimately, Kaitesi’s mission through the blog is to change the narrative about the African woman. Last year Teakisi was awarded the Versatile Blogger award by other peer bloggers in recognition for the high-quality writing, images, and uniqueness of its content.









“No means no” is a new battle cry for Brazilian women mobilizing against assault at carnival, a raucous party whose free-wheeling atmosphere leaves women particularly vulnerable to unwanted sexual contact. In the wake of the Harvey Weinstein episode that triggered the #MeToo campaign against harassment in the United States, Brazilian women are out in full force with some, even sporting temporary tattoos with the message emblazoned across their shoulders, arms and chests. Rio’s carnival, the world’s largest, falls during the city’s pre-Lenten blowout which draws millions of near-naked revelers dancing as the alcohol flows, and flows. The feast of excess is also often the backdrop for a slew of sexual assaults, particularly against women. Luka Borges therefore is tirelessly distributing the temporary “No Means No” tattoos as part of a street parade known as a “bloco”(bloco is a street party. organized by a suburb or carnival association)set to samba tunes in Rio’s cent. There is a lot of machismo in Brazil so doing this for carnival is really pressing,” the 28-year-old project manager said “We women spend much more time out in the streets, wearing less clothing then this is their pretext for aggression.”   Borges created with four friends “No Means No” tattoos, and began distributing them to women last year during some of the city’s blocos, after one of them was harassed.Thanks to social media and a crowd funding campaign, some 27,000 tattoos have been produced for the 2018 carnival, in Rio as well as cities including Salvador, Sao Paulo and Olinda.“A lot of the time, at past carnivals, we were harassed and did not even realize it,” said Anna Studard, a 27-year-old theater producer. “We thought it was normal! But I think in the past couple of years we’ve started to realize that ‘no means no.’”   

Carnival, with its totally uninhibited and ultra-sexy atmosphere is widely seen as a moment partiers can kiss and touch strangers without concern.Yet far from taking a puritanical turn, the women behind this campaign simply say they’re simply trying to bolster the “my body, my rules” concept already familiar to many in Brazil. “If we continue to cover ourselves, to hide, the youngest girls will have to continue to protect themselves,” said Borges. “I think it’s a political act to walk around with bare breasts, for example.” For some Brazilians, the “No Means No” temporary tattoo sends a message beyond feminism.“My fiancé is traveling. And this tattoo will prevent anyone from spoiling my party; I feel safer,” said Caroline Fachetti, 19, who sports a striped swimsuit top and blue short shorts.Beside her, six English tourists drink beers and take in the scene. “It’s totally appropriate,” said James Allan, 28, of the campaign. “Brazil is years behind Europe.”  The situation for women in Brazil is not only precarious during carnival.One in three women over the age of 16 has reported being physically, verbally or emotionally abused, according to a Datafolha survey(polling institute)published in March 2017, looking at data from the previous year.That’s why Borges refuses the tattoos to men, despite welcoming their moral support. “It is our struggle,” she said. “It is on our body that ‘no’ must be written.” Brazilians dancing away troubles of 2017 at Carnival parties

Amid a lackluster economy, a massive corruption investigation and increasing political polarization, Brazilians let off steam on Feb.10 during the first full day of Carnival, a holiday long considered a safety valve for social and political tensions. Known for elaborate or skimpy costumes and intense samba competitions, Carnival celebrations also frequently take on serious subjects. This year, for instance, women’s groups are highlighting the sexual harassment and unwelcome touching that many face during the celebrations and throughout the year on Brazil’s streets. Others have called attention to housing shortages or are criticizing politicians who have been accused of corruption. But many see Carnival as a time to take a break from those weighty issues.  “Carnival transcends politics it’s (a celebration) of the Brazilian people,” said Hector Batelli, a 30-year-old lawyer, who on Saturday was enjoying a Sao Paulo Carnival street party, known as a bloco, as quoted by The Associated Press.“So we put aside politics to have a party, to celebrate.”


Under the patronage of HH Sayyida Aliya bint Thuwaini al Said, Ooredoo announced the graduation of 16 trainees from its Incubator Programme during the ‘Omani Night for My Country’ festivities. Organized in collaboration with the Omani Women’s Association in Manah, the vocational course taught women to develop essential skills in sewing and cooking. By contributing much-needed access to resources, tools, training, and funds, Ooredoo was able to empower women to start their own businesses.  Raed Mohammed Dawood, director of Government Relations and Corporate Affairs at Ooredoo, said, “Omani women make up half of the workforce in the sultanate and play a vital role in the progress of our country. At Ooredoo we do our best to help women progress by enhancing their skill sets to achieve their full potential, so they can become a part of Oman’s sustainable development.      

“As part of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said’s vision on gender equality, we will continue to provide training programmes and opportunities as a way for women to advance within their community and achieve their aspirations.” Dalalbint Ali al Mahrooqi said, “I would like to thank Ooredoo and the Omani Women’s Association for giving us this opportunity to develop our sewing skills through the Incubator Program. The training we received was very informative and productive and it has given me the confidence to kick-start my business idea. I am very excited to put my new skills into action and become part of the entrepreneurial community in Oman.”

Ooredoo pioneered its incubators in line with its corporate social responsibility programme, helping a large number of women across the sultanate discover new ways to generate income.



Celebrating female trailblazers is recognizing and giving honor to women who overcame countless obstacles to become pioneers in their fields. Female trailblazers are women who paid their prices in the hard currency of labour and hard work, shame, loneliness, self-doubt, ridicule, insults and many more, but at the end, through continued effort, determination, diligence, and perseverance, they set the pace for others to follow.
All over the nations of the earth, these women are scattered in different cities, states, countries, and regions, with a burning desire to make remarkable contributions to their societies.
Speaking of countries, we will be considering Botswana’s first female High Court Judge Unity Dow, the rare gem in a manger.

Unity Dow was born on the 23rd of April 1959 in a little village not far from Gaborone, Botswana. Although her parents were not highly educated, her father was enthusiastic about giving his children the best education. He believed strongly in the great value of a good education and encouraged his children to aim for the top.

In 1997, when large diamond deposits were discovered in Botswana, the year with a strategic influence on Botswana’s economy, which opened up the future of the country in what looked like sounds of great opportunities flooding towards the country, Unity applied for Law studies, at the University of Botswana on completing her Law degree, she proceeded to Swaziland and later the University of Edinburgh, Scotland to further her education.

After obtaining her Law Degree, she worked as a lawyer in a human rights organization in little Mochudi her home village.

Unity was known for her struggles in fighting for the rights of children and women especially the cases of rape, girl-child marriage and ownership rights for women. She was in charge of petitioning the acceptance of mixed race children from foreign fathers to be considered citizens of Botswana.

In 1991, she co-founded the private Baobab Primary School in Gaborone which remains one of the best primary schools in Botswana.

She is also one of the founders of the first AIDS-specific NGO in Botswana “AIDS ACTION TRUST.”

She was elevated to the position of Botswana’s high court judge by the then president himself via a phone call requesting her leadership in the court.

Unity was shocked at the call and requested for some time to think about it. She was unable to come up with a quick decision seeing that the position of the high court judge comes with a lot of restrictions which are unfavourable to her as a writer and an activist.

However, following the intervention of her father, who after speaking with the president encouraged his daughter to grab such opportunity that calls for a service to her fatherland.

She accepted the offer with hopes of changing her career when her children begin to approach the ages of severe attention.

During the years of her service as a high court judge, she put her best into making the most of the period and leaving a mark for all to remember, and in 2009 she retired from her position as the judge, having served for 11 years.

She settled for her career in writing, which had always held a strong attraction to her, and before long she broke through in her new career. She has succeeded in publishing five books which had to deal with gender issues and her nation’s poverty, the struggle between Western and traditional values.

In 2002, she launched her second novel, “The Screaming of the Innocent”; the novel is a true life story that explains the very sensitive subject of ritual murders of young girls.

She also contributed to the book “Schicksal Afrika” (Destiny Africa) written by the former German President Horst Koehler in 2009.

In May 2010, Harvard Press published her latest book, “Saturday is for Funerals,” which describes the AIDS problem in Africa.

Unity has also been participating in several special UN missions to African countries like Rwanda and Sierra Leone.

In the month of February 2010, after retiring from the office of the high court judge, she established her Legal Firm called Dow & Associates in Botswana. Establishing Dow & Associates was a spectacular milestone in her growth and achievements, which will always stand in her memorial.

Unity continued to make waves and attained many successes both locally and internationally, including being the judge of the IICDRC (Interim Independent Constitutional Dispute Resolution Court) of Kenya, sworn into the position by the Kenyan President to administer the newly formed constitution in Kenya.

The various awards which she acquired are also numerous including; the French Medal of the Légiond’honneur de France by representatives of the French President Nicolas Sarkozy for her human rights activities.

Currently, she occupies the position of the Minister for Basic Education Botswana, having served for four years gone.

Unity Dow is blessed with three children and resides in Mochudi, South East Botswana.

Yoga is a spiritual, mental, and physical practice that’s been around for centuries. While different yoga types feel different, yogis and scientists alike will tell you they are all extremely beneficial for your mental and physical health.

The great thing about yoga is there are very few limitations to start. While colourful yoga pants, support blocks, and fancy mats are nice, you don’t necessarily need any of that stuff to get started. Instead, simply pick a basic yoga routine that has beginner poses and follow along. You’ll notice your body and mood change in no time.

Yoga will definitely improve your health in the following ways:
Better Flexibility:An experienced yogi can twist herself into pretzel-like poses, which would be a marvel to watch. Seriously, who knew the human body could even bend like that?! Achieving this requires you to keep your body conditioned for such movements, which over time your muscles will atrophy and your joints will settle into a limited range of motion.

Maybe in your first yoga class, you might not be able to touch your feet or even tuck your feet behind your head, just give it time and practice, and you will notice your body begin to loosen up.

Better Posture:Has anyone ever told you to stop slouching or to sit up straight? Having a bad posture does not just only look bad, it also has some negative effects on your body.

With bad posture, you are prone to a wide number of body pains like; backaches, joint problems, muscle fatigue and neck pain.

Lucky for you, yoga is a good way to remedy this. Yoga does this by getting your body back into the proper alignment with forcing you into unnatural positions.

Better Balance:From easy beginner movements to more advanced stretches, you will need to concentrate and focus in order to hold yoga poses. Over time, though, you will notice that you don’t have to concentrate quite as hard. That’s because your balance has naturally improved. Every yoga pose helps improve your balance, even the ones that do not appear to require any balance. When you are sitting or leaning you are still required to centre your body.

More Strength:Other types of workouts might require you to pump iron or pull on resistance bands, yoga only requires your own bodyweight as resistance.

Since yoga requires you to enter into and hold various positions, you will naturally strengthen your muscles.

Don’t worry about your muscles getting bored with the same old poses. As soon as one pose becomes easy for you there is always another harder pose for you to begin working on.

While just about every yoga pose helps your body to build strong muscles, some of the best include planks, bakasana, and various headstands.

Tones the Body:Every woman wants a nicely toned body and yoga can help with that as it tones your body without using weights or exercise equipment.

One worry a lot of women have when they hear the terms “resistance training” or “strength training” is: “Will it make me bulky?” Take a sigh of relief ladies because yoga won’t make you bulk up. Rather, it will give you a nice, lean figure

The poses that work best are the ones that pit your body weight against you, so go for any pose that has you lifting any body part in the air and holding it there. You will definitely feel the burn.

Better Sleep:While sleep experts recommend getting between 7 to 9 hours of sleep a night, many people are suffering from sleep problems.

Yoga helps to relax the nervous system, which is the part of your body responsible for a restful sleep. Additionally, yoga’s meditative aspect comes into play to quiet the mind. So if a racing mind is what keeps you from getting a good night’s sleep then performing yoga at any point during the day may offer you some relief.

There are specific poses you can do that are known to help people sleep more soundly. Try uttanasana, halasana, or savasana before tucking yourself under the covers. These should put your body into a relaxed state, making it easier for you to drift off to dreamland.

Yoga has many benefits when it comes to keeping your body healthy and fit. A yoga class will definitely work wonders for you and give that body you have always wanted and kept you relaxed.

Source: Bembu

Wan Ling Martello is a Philippine woman whose success continues to stand as a reference point to many. Martello is an American citizen of Chinese and Filipino heritage she is a woman with exceptional leadership qualities which makes her stand out in every area of the economy. Martello was born in the Philippines in 1958 and belongs to a Chinese-Filipino family.

She studied at the University of the Philippines where she earned her Bachelor Degree in Business Administration and Accountancy, and proceeded to University of Minnesota where she acquired her MBA. She is aalso a licensed Certified Public Accountant.

Martello has made remarkable achievements in her career. As Nestle’s representative, as she brings a “female multi-ethnic, emerging-market/Asian face to the world.”  She was a former CFO of Nestle, the world’s largest food company. As CEO of Nestle’s sprawling AOA region, Martello oversees a $15 billion division that spans 92 countries and enlists 110,000 employees. In that role, she has helped the world’s largest food company get back on its feet after a food safety scares in India in 2015, involving its popular Maggi noodle product, plunged the business into crisis. Prior to her appointment at Nestle, she worked at Walmart Stores Incorporations since 2005 where she had the following roles; she was an Executive Vice President of Global eCommerce, she was also an executive Vice president of the Emerging Markets at Walmart, COO, Global e-commerce; and Senior Vice President, CFO and Strategy for Walmart International.

Her financial experience includes work at NCH Marketing Services, Borden Foods Corp. and Kraft Foods, Inc. Wan Ling Martello is a highly intellectual figure as she is fluent in English, Mandarin, Hokkien Chinese, and Tagalog.

Due to the extraordinary excellence exhibited by her, she was appointed by the Board of Directors of Nestlé S.A, the largest food company in the world, to succeed Jim Singh when he retired on March 31, 2012, as Executive Vice President (EVP) and Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of Nestlé. The appointment of Wan Ling Martello, a company outsider, took some analysts by surprise although; those who know Ms. Martello and her proven track record of accomplishments in the business world were not.  For over 20 years, Ms.Martello has been playing a leading role in some of the world’s biggest companies. Since 2005, she has been a key leader at Wal-Mart, the world’s largest retail chain. She is currently Executive Vice President of Global e-Commerce; Wan Ling Martello manages one of Wal-Mart’s fastest-growing business segments Emerging Markets. From 2005-2011, Wan Ling gained in-depth knowledge of the retail and e-commerce business at Walmart where she was Senior Vice President, Chief Finance Officer & Strategy, Walmart International and then Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer, Global e-Commerce, Emerging Markets. In 2008, she was honored by the Asian Women in Business (AWIB) with a Corporate Leadership Award. In which multi-cultural markets is certainly a factor in her appointment as EVP/CFO of Nestle. Wan Ling is an active Board Member of the Committee of 100, a national organization of Chinese American leaders. She is also a member of the International Women’s Forum. Wan Ling has presented herself as a ladder through which other businessmen and women can climb in order to attain their long desired success. Even as she mentors others with the belief that to be a truly successful leader, you need to help others succeed; she gives this advice to women in the co-operate world: “you are the master of your own destiny and never forget it is just as important to help others to succeed as well”.